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from John MacArthur’s teaching on Ephesians 1: 6-10
There are five Greek words in the New Testament that come from the legal vocabulary. They have to do with legal things in the Roman world, a legal background. Let me share them with you and then I’ll show you how they differ.
The first one is dikaiosis. Now dikaiosis is a word that means acquittal. It means acquittal in the court. When somebody was acquitted of a crime, we translate it in the Bible justification. Justification. Somebody is justified.
All right, there is a second word, aphesis. That word means to cancel a debt, to cancel a debt. Sometimes it would be a lawsuit or something would be wrangling in the court and there would be a judgment that would say you don’t owe that man anything the debt is cancelled, or whatever, retribution has been made, the price is paid, there’s the canceling of the debt. Aphesis in its legal sense means to cancel a debt, we translate it in the Bible, are you ready, forgiveness, forgiveness.
The third word is huiothesia. And that is a word that means in legalese, it means in the Greek world – adoption. Like a family would go to court to adopt a child. Now the Bible really uses it to speak of sonship, sonship. Becoming a son of God.
And then there is the word katallasso which legally means reconciliation. Sometimes people go to court for a divorce and they will be reconciled. Or sometimes two fighting factions will be brought into a suit and there will be reconciliation brought about. Now it means in a courtroom reconciliation and that’s exactly the way we translate it in the Bible. Paul talks about being reconciled to God.
The fifth word is apolutrosis, it means to redeem, to purchase to set free. And it is translated redemption.
Now listen and I’ll show you the distinction of these words.
In justification the sinner stands before God accused but he is declared righteous. In justification he stands before God accused but he is declared righteous.
In forgiveness, the second word, the sinner stands before God as a debtor and receives a cancellation of his debt.
In adoption the sinner stands before God as a stranger but he is made a…what? … son.
In reconciliation the sinner stands before God as an enemy but he is made a friend.
In redemption the sinner stands before God as a slave and he is receiving his freedom, you see.
All of those terms speak of the wondrous miracle of salvation. All of those things; justification,
forgiveness, adoption, reconciliation and redemption are provided because Jesus paid the price.
Meditating on the glorious truths in this song, especially the stanza that says, ‘When through grace in Christ our trust is, justice smiles and asks no more.’
by Bill Perkins
Compass International, Inc.
The “repentance in salvation”question is hotly debated between the dispensationalists and covenant theologians. The idea of “salvation without repentance” understandably sends many into fits of rage. But is salvation without repentence even possible?
Lewis Chafer wrote:
Roy B. Zuck writes:
Christ should suffer and rise again from the dead
the third day; and that repentance for forgiveness
of sins should be proclaimed in His name to all the
Dr. Charles Ryrie says of this verse,“Clearly, repentance for the forgiveness of sins is connected to the death and resurrection of Christ.”(Charles C. Ryrie, So Great Salvation, Victor Books, p. 98).
that your good works will save you, but they won’t. The only thing that can save you is your faith and belief in the Gospel of Jesus Christ.”
Neither did Jesus tell the woman at the well in Samaria to repent. When she recounted her story, the other Samaritians didn’t “repent,” rather they “believed.”
Christians do sin and when we are convicted about that sin, we need to repent, or change directions, away from the sin toward God’s way. But this repentance has nothing to do with salvation. It’s simply a Believer maturing in his/her faith.
From JMac’s teaching on Ephesians 1:3…
We go to God and we say Oh God, I need more love, I just want You to give me more love. And the Bible already says “That the love of God is shed abroad in your heart.” You say Oh, don't need that. Lord, what I need is peace, I'm so distressed. And Jesus said when He left: “My peace I leave with you not as the world giveth give I unto you, never let your heart be troubled.” Oh I got that too? Right Well, what I need is I need joy, I'm unhappy. No, read John 15, He said that He was going to leave His joy in us that our joy might be, what? Full. Oh, I don't need that either? No. Oh, I know what I need, I need strength. No. You can already do all things through Christ who already strengthens you. You see, we spend a lot of time asking for what we've got. You say Well, What am I supposed to ask for? James said ~ ask for wisdom and wisdom is the sense not to ask for what you've got. You see, God has already dispensed to us all spiritual blessing. All blessing connected to the Spirit. And people say Well, have you received the second blessing? I always say Yes. And the 5,000th too all when I received Christ I received how many? All spiritual blessings.
I have all that I need. Praise God!
We sang this during worship yesterday. I’ve been humming it all day, so I thought I’d share it.
A Peek Behind
The Name of God
“Let the name of God be blessed forever and ever”
When we go to Israel our guides are usually non-Christian Jews. To be a guide in Israel means you are licensed by the State of Israel only after completing the equivalent of a two-year college course studying the hundreds of Biblical sites in the promised land.
So the vast majority of our Israeli guides are articulate, well-educated… but secular– meaning not religious. They usually observe Passover and Day of Atonement but nothing else. Sorta like some Christians only go to church on Christmas and Easter.
They talk about God and Jesus all day long, quote passages out of the Old and New Testaments, but don’t connect the spiritual dots. They refer to Him by name, but the deep and powerful meaning of that name escapes them.
What Does “Yahweh” Mean?
Hebrew letters all have meanings. You’re going to love what the letters mean in “Yahweh”!
So when read in Hebrew, right to left, God’s name means:
“Behold the Nail, Behold the Hand”
“Behold the nailed hand.”
It gets even better when you combine the meaning of the individual letters with the overall meaning of the word, Yahweh, YHWH, which means “Salvation,” then it basically translates:
“Behold, the nailed hand is salvation.”
“…they will look upon Me whom they have pierced”
“…they have pierced My hands and feet.” Ps 22:16
With the name of God being so specific, it makes one wonder how in the world do the Jews, especially the Jewish guides in Israel, miss the fact Jesus came as the Messiah?!
The answer, of course, is in scripture. God has “blinded” them.
“… And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” For this cause they could not believe, for Isaiah said again, “He has blinded their eyes, and He
hardened their heart; lest they see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart, and be converted, and I heal them.”John 12:39-40
But God has not blinded us. His Holy Spirit living in us reveals truth to Believers through the Word of God.
I have an insurance policy . . .
Written in the blood of the Lamb,
Sealed by the Cross of Jesus,
Redeemable wherever I am!
The company will never go bankrupt,
It is bonded by God’s promise true;
It will keep every word of its contract,
Exactly what it says it will do.
I don’t have to die to collect it,
No premiums do I have to pay;
All I do is to trust God’s promise
And walk in His holy way.
No collector will ever come calling,
It was paid on Calvary’s tree;
It insures me for living and dying
And for all eternity.
“True disciples of Jesus are those who have been set free by the truth as they abide in His Word (John 8:31-32). Those who do not know the truth will continue to be enslaved to the bondage of religion. Throught history, the goal of every religion has been to control people. This has been accomplished with religious traditions, legalism, pride and deception. One example of this fierce religious loyalty is a comment we hear so often from Roman Catholics: “I was born a Catholic, and I will die a Catholic.” Yet, true conversion can only take place if they confess: “I was born a sinner and will die a saint.” And what a way to die! By God’s amazing grace, saints are elected in Christ (Eph. 1:4), called to Christ (1 Cor. 1:9), have believed the truth about Christ (Rom. 10:14-17), have turned to Christ in repentance (1 Pet. 2:25), are justified by the blood of Christ (Rom. 5:9), are united with Christ (Gal. 2:20), are being transformed into the image of Christ (2 Cor. 3:18), are being kept and preserved by Christ (1 John 5:18) and will one day gain the glory of Christ (2 Thes. 2:14). Why would anyone chose to be enslaved to religion whan they can become a blessed and privileged slave of the Lord Jesus?”
Proclaiming the Gospel Newletter